电话:028-83223983 65819088
                87711546
手机:13618037680
传真:028-83223983
Email:cdxin.rui@163.com
   
[测绘院校介绍] 北京大学
作者:成都新瑞测绘  来源:北京大学  浏览:2184次  更新:2009/8/7 15:02:46

 

北京大学创办于1898年,初名京师大学堂,是中国第一所国立综合性大学,也是当时中国最高教育行政机关。辛亥革命后,于1912年改为现名。

作为新文化运动的中心和“五四”运动的策源地,作为中国最早传播马克思主义和民主科学思想的发祥地,作为中国共产党最早的活动基地,北京大学为民族的振兴和解放、国家的建设和发展、社会的文明和进步做出了不可替代的贡献,在中国走向现代化的进程中起到了重要的先锋作用。爱国、进步、民主、科学的传统精神和勤奋、严谨、求实、创新的学风在这里生生不息、代代相传。

1917年,著名教育家蔡元培出任北京大学校长,他“循思想自由原则,取兼容并包主义”,对北京大学进行了卓有成效的改革,促进了思想解放和学术繁荣。陈独秀、李大钊、毛泽东以及鲁迅、胡适等一批杰出人才都曾在北京大学任职或任教。

1937年卢沟桥事变后,北京大学与清华大学、南开大学南迁长沙,共同组成长沙临时大学。不久,临时大学又迁到昆明,改称国立西南联合大学。抗日战争胜利后,北京大学于1946年10月在北平复学。

中华人民共和国成立后,全国高校于1952年进行院系调整,北京大学成为一所以文理基础教学和研究为主的综合性大学,为国家培养了大批人才。据不完全统计,北京大学的校友和教师有400多位两院院士,中国人文社科界有影响的人士相当多也出自北京大学。

改革开放以来,北京大学进入了一个前所未有的大发展、大建设的新时期,并成为国家“211工程”重点建设的两所大学之一。

1998年5月4日,北京大学百年校庆之际,国家主席江泽民在庆祝北京大学建校一百周年大会上发表讲话,发出了“为了实现现代化,我国要有若干所具有世界先进水平的一流大学”的号召。在国家的支持下,北京大学适时启动“创建世界一流大学计划”,从此,北京大学的历史翻开了新的一页。

2000年4月3日,北京大学与原北京医科大学合并,组建了新的北京大学。原北京医科大学的前身是国立北京医学专门学校,创建于1912年10月26日。20世纪三、四十年代,学校一度名为北平大学医学院,并于1946年7月并入北京大学。1952年在全国高校院系调整中,北京大学医学院脱离北京大学,独立为北京医学院。1985年更名为北京医科大学,1996年成为国家首批“211工程”重点支持的医科大学。两校合并进一步拓宽了北京大学的学科结构,为促进医学与人文社会科学及理科的结合,改革医学教育奠定了基础。

近年来,在“211工程”和“985工程”的支持下,北京大学进入了一个新的历史发展阶段,在学科建设、人才培养、师资队伍建设、教学科研等各方面都取得了显著成绩,为将北大建设成为世界一流大学奠定了坚实的基础。今天的北京大学已经成为国家培养高素质、创造性人才的摇篮、科学研究的前沿和知识创新的重要基地和国际交流的重要桥梁和窗口。

现任校党委书记闵维方教授、校长周其凤院士。

 

 

 

 

 

Peking University was founded in 1898, the beginning of the capital University, is the first national comprehensive university, is the highest executive in China. After the Revolution, in 1912, now replaced.

As the center of the New Culture Movement and the "54" campaign source, as China's earliest spread of Marxism and the birthplace of democracy and scientific thought, as the activities of the Communist Party of China first base, the revitalization of Peking University for the nation and the liberation of the country's construction and development, civilization and progress of society to make an irreplaceable contribution to the process of modernization of China has played an important role in the vanguard. Patriotism, progress, democracy, scientific spirit and the tradition of hard, rigorous, realistic and innovative manner in the style of study, from generation to generation.

In 1917, a well-known educator Cai Yuanpei Peking University as he was "on the principle of freedom of thought, access and inclusive," effective on the Beijing University of reform, and promoted the emancipation of the mind and academic prosperity. Chen, Li Dazhao, Mao Zedong and Lu Xun, Hu Shi and other talents have served or to teach at Beijing University.

After the Marco Polo Bridge Incident in 1937, Peking University and Tsinghua University, Nankai University, south of Changsha, Changsha Temporary University together. Soon, they move to provisional University Kunming, known as the National Southwest Associated University. After the victory of the Sino-Japanese War, Peking University in October 1946 to return to school in Beijing.

People's Republic of China after the establishment of the National University in 1952, adjusted for the Department, Beijing University of Arts and therefore become a basic teaching and research-based comprehensive university, a large number of trained personnel. According to incomplete statistics, alumni and teachers of Beijing University of more than 400 academicians, the Chinese humanities and social sciences sector, quite a number of influential people also from Peking University.

Since reform and opening up, Beijing has entered an unprecedented large-scale development, the construction of the new era and become the national "211 Project" focused on the construction of one of the two universities.

May 4, 1998, the occasion of celebration of a century, Peking University, Chinese President Jiang Zemin in Beijing to celebrate the 100 anniversary of the school address the General Assembly issued a "in order to achieve modernization, China should have a number of the world's advanced level of first-class university "the call. In the country's support of the University in good time to start "plan to create a world-class university," From then on, the history of Peking University opened a new page.

April 3, 2000, Peking University, Beijing Medical University merged with the original, the formation of a new Beijing University. Former Beijing Medical University Beijing, formerly known as National Medical College, founded in October 26, 1912. The 20th century, three or four decades on behalf of, the school was known as Peking University School of Medicine, and was incorporated in July 1946, Peking University. In 1952, the adjustment of the National College, Peking University School of Medicine from Beijing University, Beijing Medical College as an independent. Renamed in 1985, Beijing Medical University, in 1996 the first national "211 Project" focused on the medical support. The two schools merged to further expand the University's academic structure, to promote the medicine and the humanities and social sciences and the combination of science, the reform has laid a foundation for medical education.

In recent years, the "211 Project" and "985 Project", with the support of Peking University has entered a new stage of historical development in the subject building, personnel training, teacher team building, teaching and scientific research, has made remarkable achievements, Beijing University for the construction of a world-class university has laid a solid foundation. Today's Peking University has become a national training of high-quality, the cradle of creative talent, cutting-edge scientific research and an important base for knowledge innovation and the international exchange of important bridges and windows.

The current school party secretary Min Weifang, Professor Zhou Qifeng Academy principals.

 
返回列表 | 打印本页 | 返回顶部 
地址:成都市营门口路18号附44号 电话:028-83223983 87711546 传真:028-83223983 Email:cdxin.rui@163.com
版权所有 © 成都新瑞测绘仪器有限公司 技术支持:仕航软件 备案号:蜀ICP备09012819号-1